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The Jadoon is a Pakhtun tribe located partly in Gadoon area in Swabi on the southern slopes of Mahaban Mountains, and partly in Abbottabad and Haripur of Sarhad, Pakistan. Their language is Pashto in Swabi and mostly Hindko in Abbottabad

History :

The Jadoon are descended from Ashraf also known as jadoon (Gadoon) of the Panni clan of the Ghurghusht Afghan. Panni, Kakar, Naghar and Dawi were four sons of Daney son of Ismail, also known as Ghurghusht. The people of this tribe call themselves jadoons, but Eastern Afghans who change the letter S`h into K`h and "j" into "G" style them Gadoons as the letter J and G are interchangeable in the Pushto language, just as jillani and Gillani are synonyms. The Jadoons were freedom fighters and they showed bravery against their rivals, especially the Sikhs and the British with other prominent Pashtun tribes of the region like the Swati, Tareens Khaji khail and Shilmani. Their leader Sakhi Jan Jadoon had been martyred during the freedom efforts against the Sikhs in the 19th century


Claans :

The Jadoon tribe is divided into two main sub-tribes, namely:Salar and Mansoor tribes are further sub-divided into several smaller clans. Musa Zai,Hassan Zai,Dollah Zai, Khazir Zai is sub-Tribes of Mansoor and there are many sub-tribes into Salar like haji khail(bai khani),Muhammad khail,shabeh khail,Essa Khail,maleeh khail,mustafa zai maha bani,taser khail. (The Jadoon by Sultan Khan Jadoon Hassa zai)


Origin :

The jadoons are descended from Panni which is a city of afghanistan. The genealogical table of the tribe, as given in the "Tarikh-e-Khan Jahaniwa-Mukhazan-e-Afghani" by Kawaja Nimatullah Harvi, written in about 1612 A.D, is reproduced (in appendix No.1). This book was written in the region of Mughal emperor Jahangir in which the Jadoon tribe is referred to as a branch of the Panni Afghan. Sir Olaf Caroe, in his famous book "The Pathans" under the genealogical table of Ghurghusht mentions that jadoons descended form the Panni tribe. Ziring, the author of "Pakistan: The Enigma of Political Development" on page 149 and on page 14 of the year book of the NWFP 1954, writes:

The NWFP is demographically divided between sedentary and tribal people. Although the Pathans are numerically superior, the region is also the home for the Awans, Gujars, etc. The Pathans, divided into numerous distinctive tribal units the major ones in the mountain ranges, are the Yusufzai's of Malakand Agency, the Mohnands and Afridis of the Khyber Agency and Kohat Pass, the Orakzais of Tirah, the Wazirs of North & Southern Waziristan, and the Bhittanis and Shiranis of D.I.Khan. In the setteled areas of the province are the Yusufzais of Mardan, the Khalils, Muhamands, Muhammad-zais, Dauadzais, Khattak, Banghash of Khohat, the Marwats and Wazirs of Bannu and the Gandapurs, kundis and Minakhail of D.I.Khan. Some of the Important minor tribes are the Jadoons of Hazara and Swabi, in the Shinwaris and Mullagories of the Khyber and Babars and Dawars.


 In the book entiiled "Report on the Settlement of Peshawar District, by Major H.R James, 1868, part-II, Appendix-D" on page 133, jadoons are shown in the genealogical table as the descendants from Panni Afghan.



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